A Long History in Global Coffee

Home to 260 million people, Indonesia is an environmentally diverse tropical archipelago that straddles the equator, creating well-suited microclimates for the effective growth and production of coffee.  

Indonesia has a long history in coffee. Going back to the late 1600s, Indonesia was the first-place coffee was cultivated outside the Horn of Africa and Arabia. The Dutch initially bought seedlings from Yemen and established their first coffee plantations in West Java in 1996. From there, coffee production quickly spread to other islands of Indonesia. Today, Indonesia is a coffee powerhouse: it is the fourth largest coffee producer in the world, the world’s second largest Robusta producer and is ranked fourth in total number of farmers growing coffee nationwide. 

Despite being able to find specialty Arabica coffee, nearly three-quarters of coffee produced in Indonesia is low-quality Robusta. The lowland areas of southern Sumatra are the mainstay of Robusta production, generating approximately two-thirds of Indonesian Robusta and accounting for almost 50% of the country’s total coffee production.  

However, southern Sumatra’s agriculture is dogged by low productivity and poor-quality coffee beans. Even though average Robusta yields can go up to 2 t per hectare, coffee yields of approximately 600,000 smallholder farmers in southern Sumatra have often fell to 0.5 t per hectare.  

Using a holistic approach to address these challenges in Indonesia, HRNS continues to develop and implement tailor made programs and local solutions together with coffee farming families through a collaborative approach promoting long term sustainability.  

We are currently working with smallholder farmers in OKU Selatan District of Sumatra Selatan Province, Indonesia to increase the productivity, quality and profitability of their coffee production. Since 2014, we have reached over 20 thousand smallholder coffee farmers. 

For more information about our projects in Indonesia, please contact our Indonesia Office here. 

Dr. Adrian Bolliger

Country Director Indonesia

Some Facts About Our Projects in Indonesia

(more than)

Accumulated Beneficiaries



Adaptation Rate To Climate Change Techniques

According to ICP-Progress Report


Training Sessions

Farmer visits as well as Farmer Field Schools.

Accumulated Beneficiaries

since 2014

Increase of Yields per ha


Cooperatives established by the project since 2014 were rated as ‘strong & professional’ in 2019 

(ICP-Report 2019)